Healthcare Management System

Healthcare Management System

Author Name : Dr Nirupama M P

Why HMS?

Healthcare is not just about doctors and nurses anymore. Healthcare consists of hospitals, medical devices, clinical trials, outsourcing, telemedicine, medical tourism, health insurance and medical equipment. A well-tuned hospital management workflow involves lots of important decisions that should be made in the most efficient and quick way. Nowadays it is hard to implement it without a distinct hospital management system. Such transitions in the healthcare industry have made the healthcare management system a necessity!

So, what is Hospital Management System (HMS)? The hospital management system (HMS) is integrated software that handles different directions of clinic workflows. It manages smooth healthcare performance along with administrative, medical, legal, and financial control. That is a cornerstone for the successful operation of the healthcare facility.

Need for Healthcare Management System (HMS)

A. How is HMS useful for Hospitals?

The usefulness of a hospital management system can be judged by the number of benefits it offers. Most of the hospitals these days are known to make use of such software. The main benefits of hospital management software are as follows.

      • You can easily avail information related to patients, doctors, staff etc. All you need to do is few clicks, and you will have all the required information flashing on the screen. The system can search for info about patience from different departments in the hospital. This helps the doctor to recheck the test reports whenever required.
      • The use of a well-implemented hospital management system also saves you from the risk of making errors. This is made possible through the automation of the system. You can assign several tasks to the software, and it will perform with minimum human intervention and utmost accuracy.
      • Implementing the use of a hospital management system means that the processes will be automated. In other words, the process will be managed with no human intervention. This improves the efficiency of the hospital. All the tasks assigned is done with utmost accuracy.
      • The load of manual work is reduced to a great extent. In other words, the system helps in reducing the number of Manpower required and it will help save a lot of money. Besides, the system will help you to save a lot on storage as well.

It is because of this reason that most of the hospitals these days have started implementing this software within their system.

B. Features of Hospital Management Software

An efficient and well-implemented hospital management software is required to have the following features.

      1. Speed

Since the system automates most of the hospital processes, there is no way the system should ever slow down. All the tasks including the communication between various departments, reporting of tests etc., are all speeded up with the help of a hospital management system. Therefore, speed is so crucial for an HMS.

      1. Error-free

Another essential feature of a hospital management system is that it should be error-free. In other words, it should be able to perform all the tasks with utmost accuracy and with minimum human intervention. The implementation of such a system also ensures that there are fewer errors resulted from the employees. Not just that, but it can also reduce the number of workforces required to perform the tasks.

      1. Easy access of data

With the help of a hospital management system, you can easily access all the required data you want. A hospital daily produces a lot of data that needs to be stored safely. The software can do this. For example, doctors can access data related to patients whenever they want without any delay.

      1. Cost-effective

The system also proves to be very cost-effective for hospitals. Implementing a hospital management system means less stationary use, less storage space required and less workforce. All these ultimately cuts down on the total cost of operations.

It is essential for a hospital management system to have all these features. This ensures a smooth flow of work within the medical centre. The best thing is that an HMS can be tailored according to the need of your hospital. With the help of hospital management software development& service providers like EZOVION: Intelligent Healthcare company, you can easily design/customise the software for your hospital and clinics.

C. Paper-based patient documentation vs HMS

Patient data management is one of the most critical tasks undertaken by medical institutions. For a long time, paper-based record-keeping had been the norm, but with the advent of EMR or EHR, the data landscape is changing rapidly.

Whilst manual record keeping is considered the gold standard, in recent years, multiple medical institutions are increasingly shifting their focus to the electronic means of handling workflows.

Deploying Electronic Medical Records Software has proven benefits for various hospitals and clinics, both on a small and a larger scale. The Healthcare industry, combined with the efficiency of such software, has shown better management and handling of internal functions.

Paper-based patient documentation vs HMS

EZOVION’s HMS is introduced to solve the complications coming from managing all the paper works of every patient associated with the various departments of hospitalization with confidentiality. EZOVION’s HMS provides the ability to manage all the paperwork in one place, reducing the work of staff in arranging and analysing the paperwork of the patients. HMS does many works like:

      • Maintain the medical records of the patient
      • Maintain the contact details of the patient
      • Keep track of the appointment dates
      • Save the insurance information for later reference
      • Tracking the bill payments.                    

D.What HMS can do to your hospitals and clinics?

It can be

      • Time-saving Technology
      • Improved Efficiency by avoiding human errors
      • Reduces scope for Error
      • Data security and correct data retrieval made possible
      • Cost-effective and easily manageable
      • Easy access to patient data with correct patient history
      • Improved patient care made possible
      • Easy monitoring of supplies in inventory
      • Reduces the work of documentation
      • Better Audit controls and policy compliance.

E.Key Features of EZOVION EMR

      • Generate Prescriptions in less than 60 seconds.
      • Easy to use patient visit details (OPD/IPD) modules.
      • Detailed demographic and clinical data analysis.
      • Billing and account manager for your accounting needs.

It is ultimately the choice of management/hospitals/clinics. The bottom line is one must choose the solution that sails the boat for their workplace.


The Hospital Management System (HMS) integrated software handles different directions of clinic workflows. It manages smooth healthcare performance along with administrative, medical, legal, and financial control. It is a cornerstone for the successful operation of the healthcare facility. The traditional and the modern way of storing data have their consequences and benefits, by using customised solutions available with EZOVION, the hospitals/clinics can pick and choose the options that they wish to embed and leave the rest to EZOVION HMS to do its job!

Intelligent Healthcare Solutions: Paper-based Billing vs electronic Billing, accounts, reports & revenue

Intelligent Healthcare Solutions: Paper-based Billing vs electronic Billing, accounts, reports & revenue

Author Name : Dr Nirupama M P

The healthcare industry is constantly changing –Today’s business environment demands effective management of working capital, and that means more and more hospitals and clinics, healthcare companies are turning the spotlight on their Accounts Payable (AP) Departments to make it more effective and efficient.

E-invoicing/e-billing is a rapidly expanding technology in the healthcare industry. If you really want to relish the efficiency in productivity and robust the convenient functionalities for your hospital and clinics switch to Intelligent Healthcare Solutions. The billing software solutions automate your invoice generation, it helps you to go electronic at the time of patient registration to billing collections. Eighty-five per cent of consumers own smartphones, and many of them are constantly checking their messages; So, it is easy to make billing a part of the experience. Billing software saves printing and postage costs, reduces deadlines, and streamlines business workflow through unified invoicing processing.

Paper-based Billing vs electronic Billing, accounts, reports & revenue

Efficiency gains and cost-saving are the most important advantages of the billing system. It can improve work capital management and relationships with your patients. Switching on to intelligent healthcare solutions can manage all the billing work solely.

Ezovion Healthcare Solutions enables you to access financial data from anywhere anytime. The cloud-based software makes it easier to create customise and personalise invoices thereby saves a lot of manual work, and you can automate the same for recurring invoices. Advanced billing software enables you to import customer databases with a click. The online portal enables your clients to pay instantly as they receive invoices. An authorised billing system comes with multi-currency capability which allows you to accept foreign currencies. Online platforms allow integrated third-party payment applications or credit card payments that simplify payment procedures and get paid faster. Thereby making it a very simple and easy way of paying bills.

Automation allows you to create reports export data and you can directly share it with your client through email. You can keep track of finances and monitor outstanding invoices. Your data analysis becomes easy, and you will be able to fetch data like the number of outstanding invoices, time of payment and period of payment cycles, number of customers paid and due with their payment.

Ezovion software solutions make your billing system organized and error-free. It is designed to help hospitals and clinics to maintain proper records of transactions and accounting databases. With Ezovion automated invoicing software you can manage the entire payment process from getting data to creating and sending bills. The data entry and authentication, billing elements, payment tracking and security, customer support to improve invoices and payment documents are well managed by EZOVION solutions.

With paperless electronic billing, improve your billing processes, reduce loopholes in the AP departments and improve efficiency along with the revenue of your hospitals and clinics.

Should you make your Website HIPAA Compliant? and why?

All | Awarness  |   GeneralHealthcare

Should you make your Website HIPAA Compliant and why ?

Author Name : Dr Nirupama M P

HIPAA regulations for website
The internet is such a vast and ever-changing landscape, at times HIPAA regulations for websites may look vague. A HIPAA compliant website is only required if the website is used to collect, display, store, process, or transmit PHI. If your website simply showcases your company, provides contact information, and lists the services you provide, then there are no HIPAA requirements for your website. Before using a website to collect, process, store, or transmit PHI, you must make the website HIPAA compliant. You must also comply with HIPAA if patient information is stored on a server that is connected to your website. Hence take necessary steps to secure PHI, have control over who accesses it and also partner with HIPAA complaint organizations to protect your patient’s privacy and avoid violations and fines.

Four HIPAA Compliance Rules
Four HIPAA security rules further define how covered entities and business associates safeguard protected health information. The four rules are:

· HIPAA Privacy
· HIPAA Security
· HIPAA Enforcement
· HIPAA Breach Notification

HIPAA Security Checklist

The U.S. government mandates that certain precautions ensure the safety of sensitive data. If
your organization works with ePHI (electronically protected health information), it is important to comply with HIPAA. The penalties for not complying with HIPAA can be severe: criminal charges, up to $1.5 million in fines, and liability in civil suits. As such, it is of paramount importance that all entities covered by HIPAA’s stipulations and engage in periodic compliance checks.

HIPAA Security checklist:

1. HIPAA Administrative Safeguards Checklist
· Security Management
· Assigned Security Responsibility
· Workforce Security
· Information Access Management
· Security Awareness and Training
· Security Incident Procedures
· Contingency Plan
· Evaluation
· Business Associate Contracts

2. HIPAA Physical Safeguards Checklist

· Facility Access Controls
· Workstation Use
· Workstation Security
· Device and Media Controls

3. HIPAA Technical Safeguards Checklist

· Access Control
· Audit Control
· Integrity Control
· Person or Entity Authentication
· Transmission Security

As such, there are a few more considerations you should make to ensure your organization is
compliant with HIPAA

 Check all vital assessments conducted by contractors/businesses with adequate security
· Keep Compliance documentation in place.
· Document all relevant compliance information (policies, procedures, assessment results,
security reports, audit reports, etc.)
· Reassess organization HIPAA compliance periodically.
· Get HIPAA lawyer assessed your organization’s compliance reports

Website Design
Major eCommerce companies usually employ a team of designers for their websites, stores, and online catalogues, and if the website is required to comply with HIPAA, these professionals should know this information and act accordingly. However, designers can overlook key elements, and unless the designer is familiar with HIPAA rules, it’s in the
company’s best interest to confirm compliance.

Design issues related to HIPAA compliance include:
· Ensuring that information being transmitted is always encrypted
· Implementing safeguards to prevent tampering
· Hosting websites on servers that are secured with HIPAA security rules or a HIPAA Business Associate Agreement
· Limiting access to PHI to authorized staff
· Backing up all PHI information in ways that ensure the data is recoverable

How to know your website needs to be HIPAA compliant?
If your website is collecting, storing, and transmitting Protected Health Information (PHI), your website needs to be HIPAA compliant.

One should understand how health information is stored or transmitted on the website. If the health information is stored and shared on the website, then it needs to comply with HIPAA regulations.

If your website collects any individually identifiable medical information, such as symptoms, conditions, or requested healthcare services, you are collecting PHI. There are ways in which you will be receiving PHI. It could be:
· Contact forms that ask about symptoms, medical services, medications, or other health- related information
· Online patient forms
· Live chat
· Patient Portals
· Patient reviews or testimonials
· Any other information-collecting tools on your website

Next comes the storing of PHI, how the collected PHI is stored on the website. If you keep the individually identifiable medical information on a server, that server must be encrypted and secure. HIPAA Privacy Rule requires that entities that store PHI take reasonable measures to protect it.

To stay HIPAA compliant when transmitting PHI, all emails, email servers and web forms involved should be encrypted and secured. Transmitting PHI includes sending information via email, web forms or other types of digital messaging.

What if your website is not HIPAA compliant?
It may be a violation of HIPAA, if your website collects, stores, or transmits PHI, and does not take reasonable measures to secure that data. If you violate, you may run into the risk of HIPAA penalty fines. Depending on the scale of the violation, the number of patients affected, and the level of negligence, a fine can range from $100 to $50,000.

Steps to follow to make website HIPAA-Complaint
HIPAA makes a lot of recommendations to be addressed and the organization should determine for themselves what need to do be compliant. To simplify seven main areas dealing with protected health information are listed

« Transport Encryption: Data should be encrypted as it transmitted over the internet.

1. The first step is to ensure that you have a secure website (i.e. one protected by SSL and which is accessed via HTTPS://…).

2. Any page that collects or displays protected health information, or which is used for logging users in, which transmits authorization cookies, etc., must be protected by SSL and must not be accessible insecurely (i.e., there should not be an alternate insecure version of the same page that people can access).

3. Make sure SSL configuration is strong enough to prevent methods of encryption that are “too weak;” Be sure of what level of SSL or TLS is Required by HIPAA for your website.

« Backup: Data related to health should not be lost. It should always have a backup and
should be recovered with ease.

1. Be sure that all PHI stored with your website or collected from your website is backed up and can be recovered in case of an emergency or accidental deletion.

2. Most web hosts provide this service for information stored on their servers. If your site sends information elsewhere (for example, to you via email), then those messages must also be backed up or archived and you must take care that those backups are robust, available, and accessible only by authorized people.

3. Note that the PHI stored in backups must also be protected in a HIPAA-compliant way — with security, authorization controls, etc.

« Authorization: Critical and personal health information should be accessed by authorised personnel.

1. Data is only accessible by authorized personnel using unique, audited access controls. Who can access the protected health information that resides on your website, or which is collected
there? Your web hosting provider probably can.

2. Check Web Hosting provider is in HIPAA Business Associate with a privacy agreement.

3. If web site stores or provides access to PHI, make sure your website enforces unique, secure logins which ensure that only authorized / appropriate people can access that data

4. The logins and the data accesses should be audited and get it set by your website designer.
properly for you.

« Integrity: No information should be altered or tampered with.

1. PHI should not be tampered with or altered.

2. Determine the need for data tamper-proofing and the best method to accomplish that. Generally, using PGP, SSL, or AES encryption of stored data can accomplish this and also address the storage issues.

« Storage Encryption: Data should be encrypted when it is stored or accessed.

1. First, determine whether storage encryption is needed for the website.

2. Ensure that all collected and stored protected health information is encrypted and that it can only be accessed/decrypted by people with the appropriate keys. This makes backup secure, protects data from access by unauthorized people, and generally protects the data no matter what happens (unless your special keys are stolen).

3. Storage encryption is especially important when data may be backed up or placed in locations out of your control or sharing a web server with other customers of the same web

4. Data encryption reduces liability significantly when a server become compromised.

« Disposal: When data is no longer needed it must be disposed of permanently.
1. Ensure all the backups will expire and disappear.

2. It is up to you to determine how far you need to go to ensure data disposal to be HIPAA compliant. It is up to the folks managing your servers to also ensure that the media (e.g. the
hard drives) containing PHI are properly disposed of when you are no longer using them.

« Omnibus/HITECH: Make sure protected health information located on the web servers of a company with whom you have business association have HIPAA Business Associate Agreement as per HIPAA security rule requirements.

1. Sign a Business Associate Agreement with vendors/businesses. This agreement ensures that the vendor will follow the HIPAA security rule requirements concerning your data and its servers.

2. No web hosting provider will be policing your website functionality and content. Instead, they will be providing an “infrastructure” that meets HIPAA compliance requirements and they will require you to design and manage your website so that its functionality is HIPAA-compliant.

3. Choosing a provider will not make your website HIPAA-compliant unless you and your designers ALSO take all the steps to ensure that its design and functionality is compliant. This is universal unless you buy a website that is pre-designed and fully under the control of the host.
This article is for general information only and is not formal legal advice.


HIPAA Privacy Rule: What Companies operating in healthcare should know?

All | Awarness  |   GeneralHealthcare

HIPAA Privacy Rule: What Companies operating in healthcare should know?

Author Name : Dr Nirupama M P

HIPAA Privacy Rule: What Companies operating in healthcare should know?

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA)

Brief History

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability (HIPAA) act or the Kennedy-Kassebaum Act is a United statute federal law. It was created initially to modernize the flow of information on healthcare and how personal health information is captured and maintained by healthcare and health insurance industries. HIPAA is a national standard to protect patients’ sensitive personal health information from fraud and theft and address healthcare insurance coverage limitations.

HIPAA act was enacted by the 104th Unites States Congress and signed by President Bill Clinton on 21st August 1996. To standardise and protect the patient’s health information from being disclosed without the patient’s content or knowledge, the US Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) issued the HIPAA Privacy Rule to implement HIPAA requirements. 

The HIPAA Security Rule protects a subset of information covered by the HIPAA Privacy Rule.

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)

HIPAA Privacy Rule 

The HIPAA privacy rule contains standards for individuals’ rights to understand and control how their information is used and call it “Protected Health Information” subject to the privacy rule. The entities which follow the privacy rule standards are called “Covered Entities” (Individuals and Organizations)

The privacy rule focus on:

      1. Standards for individuals’ rights to understand and control how their health information is used. 
      2. Ensures that individuals’ health information is properly protected while still allowing the flow of health information as needed to provide and promote high-quality health care.
      3. Protect the public’s health and well-being by striking a balance and permitting important information uses while protecting privacy.
      4.  Safeguards data and prevent it from being accessed by unauthorized individuals. 
      5. HIPAA allows patients to obtain copies of their health information

Need for HIPAA Compliance

According to Health and Human Services (HHS), as the healthcare move to computerized operations, including Electronic Medical Records (EMR),Electronic Health Records (EHR), computerized physician order entry (CPOE) systems, radiology, pharmacy, and laboratory systems, HIPAA compliance is more important for health care providers and other entities dealing with Protected Health Information (PHI) since electronic information increases the security risks though it increases efficiency and mobility. 

The privacy rule protects the technical and nontechnical entities and secure individuals’ electronic PHI(e-PHI). The office Civil Rights (OCR) is responsible for enforcing all the Privacy and Security Rules with voluntary compliance activities and civil money penalties. The security rule establishes a national set of security standards for protecting health information held/transferred in electronic form.

The Security Rule, by design, is flexible enough to allow a covered entity to implement policies, procedures, and technologies that are suited to the entity’s size, organizational structure, and risks to patients’ and consumers’ e-PHI. The Security Rule protect the privacy of individuals’ health information, while at the same time allowing covered entities to adopt new technologies to improve the quality and efficiency of patient care.

Covered Entities

Subject to the Privacy Rule the following types of individuals and organizations are considered covered entities:


Table: Covered entities subject to the Privacy rule

    • Healthcare providers: Anyhealthcare provider electronically transmits health information connected with certain transactions regardless of the size of the practice. These transactions include claims, benefit eligibility inquiries, referral authorization requests, and other transactions for which HHS has established standards under the HIPAA Transactions Rule.
    • Health plans Entities that provide or pay the cost of medical care. Health plans include health, dental, vision, and prescription drug insurers; health maintenance organizations (HMOs); Medicare, Medicaid, Medicare+Choice, and Medicare supplement insurers: and long-term care insurers (excluding nursing home fixed-indemnity policies). Health plans also include employer-sponsored group health plans, government- and church-sponsored health plans, and multi-employer health plans.

Exception: A group health plan with fewer than 50 participants that is administered solely by the employer that established and maintains the plan is not a covered entity.

    • Healthcare clearinghouses: Entities that process nonstandard information they receive from another entity into a standard (i.e., standard format or data content), or vice versa. In most cases, healthcare clearinghouses will receive individually identifiable health information only when they are providing these processing services to a health plan or healthcare provider as a business associate.
    • Business associates: A person or organization (other than a member of a covered entity’s workforce) using or disclosing individually identifiable health information to perform or provide functions, activities, or services for a covered entity. These functions, activities, or services include claims processing, data analysis, utilization review, and billing.

By law, the HIPAA Privacy Rule applies only to covered entities — health plans, health care clearinghouses, and certain health care providers. However, most health care providers and health plans do not carry out all their health care activities and functions by themselves. Instead, they often use the services of a variety of other persons or businesses. 

The Privacy Rule allows covered providers and health plans to disclose protected health information to these “business associates” if the providers or plans obtain satisfactory assurances that the business associate will use the information only for the purposes for which it was engaged by the covered entity, will safeguard the information from misuse, and will help the covered entity comply with some of the covered entity’s duties under the Privacy Rule. Covered entities may disclose protected health information to an entity in its role as a business associate only to help the covered entity carry out its health care functions — not for the business associate’s independent use or purposes, except as needed for the proper management and administration of the business associate.

Requirements for HIPAA Compliance

The regulation of HIPAA sets national standards that all covered entities and business associates must address.

    • Self-Audits:
      1. a) Conduct annual audits of their organization to assess Administrative, Technical, and Physical gaps in compliance with HIPAA Privacy and Security standards. 
      2. b) Under HIPAA, a Security Risk Assessment is NOT ENOUGH to be compliant–it’s only one essential audit that HIPAA-beholden entities are required to perform to maintain their compliance year-over-year.
    • Remediation Plans:

Once identified their gaps in compliance through these self-audits, they must implement remediation plans to reverse compliance violations. The remediation plans must be fully documented and include calendar dates by which gaps will be remedied.

    • Policies, Procedures, Employee Training: 
      1. a) Develop Policies and Procedures corresponding to HIPAA regulatory standards as outlined by the HIPAA Rules. These rules should be regularly updated and adapted in the organization.
      2. b) Annual staff training on these Policies and Procedures is required and should document employee attestation stating that staff has read and understood each of the organization’s policies and procedures. 
    • Documentation: 

HIPAA-beholden organizations must document ALL efforts they take to become HIPAA compliant. This documentation is critical during a HIPAA investigation with HHS OCR to pass HIPAA audits.

    • Business Associate Management:
      1. a) Document all the vendor’s details with whomsoever(vendors) associated with covered entities about the PHI shared in any way and execute Business Associate Agreements to ensure PHI is handled securely and mitigate liability. 
      2. b) Conduct an annual review to account for changes to the nature of organizational relationships with vendors and this must be executed before ANY PHI can be shared.
    • Incident Management: 

Should have a process to document the breached data if a covered entity or business associate has made a data breach and notify patients that their data has been compromised according to the HIPAA Breach Notification Rule. 

Effective Compliance Program for Organizations to vet compliance programs

Seven Elements of an Effective Compliance Program has been created by the HHS Office of Inspector General (OIG) to guide organizations to vet compliance solutions or create their own compliance programs.

These are the barebones, absolute minimum requirements that an effective compliance program must address. In addition to these, a full extent of mandated HIPAA Privacy and Security standards, an effective compliance program must have all the capacity to mandate all the seven elements.

The Seven Elements of an Effective Compliance Program are given below:

        1. Implementing written policies, procedures, and standards of conduct.
        2. Designating a compliance officer and compliance committee.
        3. Conducting effective training and education.
        4. Developing effective lines of communication.
        5. Conducting internal monitoring and auditing.
        6. Enforcing standards through well-publicized disciplinary guidelines.
        7. Responding promptly to detected offences and undertaking corrective action.

To judge the effectiveness of HIPAA compliance over the course, a HIPAA investigation will be carried out by Office for Civil Rights (OCR) in response to a HIPAA violation, federal HIPAA auditors will compare your organization’s compliance program against all the Seven Elements listed above.

What is a HIPAA violation?

“A HIPAA violation is any breach in an organization’s compliance program that compromises the integrity of PHI or ePHI.”

A data breach becomes a HIPAA violation when the breach is the result of an ineffective, incomplete, or outdated HIPAA compliance program or a direct violation of an organization’s HIPAA policies.

Not all data breaches are HIPAA violations. A HIPAA violation differs from all other data breaches. Few examples: If the company does not have a policy barring laptop being taken offsite or encrypted when employees have an unencrypted company laptop with access to medical records and just in case if the laptop gets stolen, it is considered to be HIPAA VIOLATION as the company does not have a policy in place.

a) There are a set of protocols under HIPAA regulation that must be followed by covered entities and business associates in the vent of a breach. 

b) If breach affecting fewer than 500 individuals in a single jurisdiction. The HIPAA Breach Notification Rule requires entities to gather data on all smaller breaches that occur over the course of the year and report them to HHS OCR within 60 days of the end of the calendar year in which they occurred.

c) Affected individuals must be notified that their data was involved in a breach within 60 days of the discovery of the breach.

d) Local law enforcement agencies should also be contacted immediately, in addition to local media agencies to alert potentially affected individuals within the necessary jurisdiction.

And all the breaches affecting 500 or more individuals are posted on the HHS Breach Notification Portal, or “Wall of Shame.”

This HHS Wall of Shame is a permanent archive of all HIPPA violations covered since 2009 in the US of large-scale breaches and can be searchable. This searchable database is a concrete consequence of a HIPAA violation that can permanently damage the reputation of healthcare organizations that experience a HIPAA violation or large-scale breach.

In 2017, OCR levied its first HIPAA settlement for a violation of the Breach Notification Rule. The First in the history of HIPPA enforcement, a $475,000 fine against Presence Health was levied for failure to properly follow the HIPAA Breach Notification Rule. Fines range between $100-$50,000 per incident depending on the level of perceived negligence, Federal HIPAA auditors levy HIPAA fines on a sliding scale.

If auditors detect that the organization under investigation has neglected to perform a “good faith effort” toward HIPAA compliance, fines can become astronomical.

HIPAA compliance is more important now than ever before!

What are common HIPAA violations?

Some common causes of HIPAA violations:

      • Stolen laptop
      • Stolen phone
      • Stolen USB device
      • Malware incident
      • Ransomware attack
      • Hacking
      • Business associate breach
      • EHR breach
      • Office break-in
      • Sending PHI to the wrong patient/contact
      • Discussing PHI outside of the office
      • Social media posts

These HIPAA violations commonly fall into several categories:

      • Use and disclosure: A Use and Disclosure violation occurs when a covered entity or business associate improperly distributes PHI or ePHI to an incorrect party. Example: A doctor’s office mailed PHI to a patient’s employer without attaining proper permission from the patient.
      • Improper security safeguards: This can result in a HIPAA violation when the standards of the HIPAA Security Rule are not properly followed. HIPAA-beholden entities must have proper Physical, Administrative, and technical safeguards in place to keep PHI and ePHI secure. Medical data is worth three times as much as financial data on the black market. Hence healthcare organizations are vulnerable to cybersecurity attacks. HIPAA security safeguards can defend health care organizations against ransomware and prevent HIPAA violations.
      • The Minimum Necessary Rule: This is a component of the HIPPA Privacy Rule. It states that employees of covered entities may only access, use, transmit, or otherwise handle the minimum amount of PHI necessary to complete a given task. If a large portion of a patient’s medical record is exposed more than what is necessary, it is considered a data breach and can lead to a violation of the HIPAA Privacy Rule and resultant HIPAA fines.
      • Access controls: Limits the number of staff members at an organization that has access to PHI.
      • Notice of Privacy Practices: It is mandatory to have a notice of Privacy to meet the standards of the HIPAA Privacy Rule. Covered entities must allow patients to review and agree to their organizational Notice of Privacy Practices before beginning treatment. Patients have certain rights to the access, privacy, and integrity of their health care data and PHI.

Who is not required under HIPAA?

Many organizations that have health information about you do not have to follow these laws.

Examples of organizations that do not have to follow the Privacy and Security Rules include:

      • Life insurers
      • Employers
      • Workers’ compensation carriers
      • Most schools and Universities
      • State agencies like child protective service agencies
      • Most law enforcement agencies
      • Many municipal offices

HIPAA Compliance during COVID-19 pandemic

Maintaining privacy and compliance is a more difficult task in healthcare and it is undoubtedly Healthcare, which is set to change over the next several years due to pandemics. Multiple factors have increased the risk of private health information

      • Telehealth 
      • Multiple Care Providers
      • Remote health services
      • Dependency on technology

How to file a complaint if an individual health information privacy right is violated?

You may file a complaint with the Office for Civil Rights (OCR), if you believe that a HIPAA-covered entity or its business associate violated your (or someone else’s) health information privacy rights or committed another violation of the Privacy, Security, or Breach Notification Rules. The OCR will investigate complaints against covered entities and their business associates. One can use OCR online Portal to file complaints which can be easy than failing through mail.

So, How to Avoid Issues with HIPAA Compliance?

The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) proactively updates rules for those who fall under HIPAA coverage (aka, “covered entities”). Make sure to follow these updates from HIPAA compliance to ensure the safest environment and reputation.

“Stay Up-to-Date to Avoid Issues”

This article is for general information only and is not formal legal advice.



Get Back on the Mat!

All | Awarness  |   GeneralHealthcare

Get Back on the Mat!

Author Name : Dr Nirupama M P

Get Back on the Mat!

Start your Rituals Today!

As we all have shifted to work from home mode, it brings us to unique challenges related to our health. While working from home we sit glued to our seats attending long meetings, skipping breakfast, lunch, dinner, munching junk foods while working and eating at irregular times. Lack of movement can cause weight gain, fatigue, sleep problems, loneliness, social anxiety, and long-term health issues. Following a regular exercise regime can benefit us from boosting energy levels to sleep quality and good health.

Of course, there are far beyond benefits of exercising regularly. It can improve brain function, improve memory, help in handle stress more effectively, brings you glowing skin and enhances your social life and last of all it will make you relax and breaks the monotony of working from home.

  1. If you are facing trouble to begin an exercise plan or following a routine, you are not alone! We all are struggling to get back on track.

    How to get into our routine?

    It is easier to plan but bringing it into execution is tough. It requires commitment, dedication, and some strategic planning. It requires consistency and the key is to make it a habit. So, create a plan for yourself and set attainable goals to get those good feelings from exercising. Pick any form of exercise/activity that makes you feel happy.

    You don’t have to do painful exercises and spend hours in the gym which can make you hate to experience the benefits of exercising. Be kind to yourself and your body!

    Self-compassion can help you achieve your set goal. So, do not try hard and beat yourself up. Set realistic goals as you will not transform your body instantly. If you expect too much too soon then it could be frustrating. Try your best to focus on consistency, instead of results. As you become regular with your routine results will start showing up.

Get rid of Excuses

Realize for how long you have gone out of routine and check your weight. It will make you realise how important it is for you to exercise. If you think you have no time for exercising, then you need to understand that people who exercise regularly are the ones who carve out that time for their own benefit. Change your perspective, stop giving your busy life as an excuse not to exercise. If you have no time to go to the gym or buy expensive equipment, take it easy. Do sit-ups, Push-ups, yoga, and many other exercises which will not do any harm to your body and can be done without equipment. Walking or running is even good. So, get back on the mat and start with your workout plan. Please listen to your body and do not push way too hard. Start slow but be consistent.

How to get motivation?

If you dream of a healthy body, you need to start working for it. Rather than just planning put on your workout clothes and start. Exercise is all about improving your health and life. Start with an early morning brisk walk of at least 15 minutes. Walking increases your heart rate and kickstart your metabolism relieving you from stress. Based on your other work commitments during the day make your own schedule and remember housework counts as exercise. If you can convince yourself and take out time for your workout it can boost your energy and make you efficient throughout the day.

You can also consider joining social networking site or any online community with fitness trainers and nutrition experts to get support and encouragement from other people who are trying to be fit and healthy. When you do it together you may feel motivated.

Staying active while working from home may sound like a dream but it is important for both your physical and mental health to remain active. It may take some time and need self-discipline. Being sedentary for long periods can harm your health even after you have done your exercise for the day! Sitting at your desk for long hours can put you at risk for heart disease, obesity, diabetes, and high blood pressure. So, set a timer while you are working that can remind you to move for few minutes every hour. Get up, walk up and down the stairs or even go to the kitchen and grab a healthy snack or even do quick jumping jacks to get your heart pumping and boost your energy level!

How to keep yourself motivated during the pandemic?

All | Awarness  |   GeneralHealthcare

How to keep yourself motivated during the pandemic?

Author Name : Dr Nirupama M P

How to keep yourself motivatedduring the pandemic?
Add Colour to life: Be Motived

The prevailing COVID-19 pandemic has impacted our lives in multiple ways. It has played a significant role in affecting global trade, mental health, and disrupted everyone’s lives in all ways. Staying motivated and productive during these uncertain times can be challenging. Facing uncertainty, in a true sense, is a lot more difficult than enduring physical pain. It can disrupt our life and create uncertainty, which can cause fear and anxiety about the present and future.

It is currently very important to stay motivated and productive and we must get rid of stress, open our minds to new ideas, learn, and have different perspectives about life. Here I have listed 7 ways that can help us to stay motivated and productive during these difficult times.

1. Focus on what you have and celebrate every little thing

With so many negative things happening around you it is hard to stay positive. However, try and focus on positives and find innovative ways to continue working, living, dreaming, and hoping for a better future. It is important to focus on what you have and put your energy into the good things in your life no matter how bad you may be feeling. Always keep your mind and thoughts positive. Feeling positive and hopeful for a better future can go a long way in helping us to feel motivated.

2. Stay connected with yourself first and then with friends and family

Pandemic allowed us to spend more time with ourselves. Use this time to know yourself and reflect. Building a relationship with oneself is as important as building it with others. Also, be in touch with your friends and family members to motivate them, lift their spirits, and alleviate their mood, which eventually brings you joy. It can bring a sense of togetherness and strengthen our bonds.

3. Dream: Set a goal for yourself and work for it

If you do not have a dream, you will lose hope in life and you will become less motivated
because you might feel that you have nothing to accomplish, and no goals to achieve and you gradually lose interest in your own self! Get engaged in yourself, find a purpose for your life, learn new things, and participate in a range of activities that keep you engaged and make you feel good. Since many of us are working from home we hardly have any access to the outside world. But thanks to technology we have everything at our fingertips. Set small goals, one at a time! Learn new traits, take up online courses, cook, dance, sing do what makes you  excited and brings joy to you! Make a routine and fix it, also allow yourself to relax and enjoy.

4. Find yourself and get motivated

Spend enough time with yourself, be honest with yourself, forgive yourself and discover what really motivates you. Let go of things that made you cry, rediscover your happiness and bloom with grace. Do whatever makes you happy and spend your time valuably to explore your own self and bring positivity to your life. There are many reasons to be sad and disappointed, but you find that one reason which can keep you motivated!

5. Accept what it is and accommodate yourself

The situation we all are in is our existing reality! Let us all accept it and find ways to live
with it. Digitization has taken over and it has re-engineered the way we used to live, work,
and connect. We all are dependent on technology to study, work and socialize therefore it is important to embrace technology and sustain with our work and lives.

6. Do not blame yourself: Say no to guilt

It is very normal to feel low and feel guilty about everything that did not go right, take it easy it is ok to feel that way. It is a normal feeling! To overcome this low moment, give more time to yourself! Find your “ME TIME”, take care of yourself. Self-care is very important and honour your body and give your time to groom it. Always make time to relax and do what makes you relax. Watch your favourite movie, have a long bath, listen to music, try cooking, meditate or workout find your way. When you self-indulge, you will not search for happiness outside, you will find it within. Prepare yourself for tomorrow! What went by will never come back so stop worrying about and think about tomorrow. Prioritize your life, do what is necessary and do not stress yourself, do one thing at a time, and be kind to yourself. We all have bad days, we all feel low, and this is completely normal. But what is important is how fast we can come out of it and restart again.

7. Plan your day: Make a daily routine

We are used to the specific routines at home, school and workplace that boost us through the day. Routines keep you motivated and keep us prepared for the next action and next role. Unfortunately, the pandemic has forced us to be at home. It is difficult to work or study from home with all the drama happening around. So, make the routine, particularly on your own work schedule. Try to set tasks for the next day, create a morning routine and for the entire day. Set your goals for the next day and make sure your goals are realistic and have your food on time. Give yourself proper break to rest and work.

Overall, I would like to conclude by saying that life has no rules to live! Live how you want
but make sure you live right! Now, how to live right is the question one should ask self and
find answers to life, to be motivated and happy! Ultimately finding ourselves, listening to
what our mind says and converging our thoughts, efforts on things that make us happy will
bring meaning and ultimate joy to our lives!

The cogwheels of a Hospital Management Software (HMS)

All | Awarness  |   GeneralHealthcare

The cogwheels of a Hospital Management Software (HMS)

Author Name : Dr Nirupama M P

A trusted healthcare service provider can make a real difference in healthcare practice and improve patient care. A technology-based healthcare system can lead healthcare with knowledge, best practices, and learning. A technology-based healthcare system enables one to manage administrative, financial, and clinical information of a hospital. It manages patient flow effectively in real-time. Ezovion Hospital Management Software (HMS) gives you a better user interface, easy to use, and an ideal solution for managing Hospital Chains. It also reduces waiting time and enhances patient care by providing staff with accurate and timely patient information. All-in-one hospital or clinic management system that comes with integrated modules such as Appointment, Billing, OPD, IPD, Inventory, Pharmacy, Laboratory, Radiology, etc. modules. 



Healthcare Management Software (HMS) 

      1. Importance of Healthcare Management Software (HMS)

If you are running a hospital or clinic, you will have to manage multiple processes across different departments. Let it be the registration process, scheduling and billing you need an efficient and effective approach to manage all these. So, what is the solution? Healthcare Management System. 

      1. What is a Hospital Management System?

The hospital management system is a technology-based system that helps to manage the information related to health care. It helps in communicating between all departments of healthcare and helps in delivering quality medical care. A Hospital management software is an automated tool that facilitates and streamlines all functions in the hospital. 

      1. Advantages of Hospital Management Software
        • Easy access to data.Hospital Management System stores all patient data in an electronic format such as patient medical history, treatment, tests results and diagnosis. The system ensures the security of information and available to authorised users at any time. 
        • Cost-efficiency: With an automated patient management system workload can be reduced and hospital need not hire more staff thereby reducing the cost and make work more effective and efficient.
        • Reduces error.Medical errors can be reduced using healthcare management software. 
        • Better patient experience. Hospital management software is patient-oriented and makes interaction with doctors and patients less stressful. It improves staff interaction, cooperation, and teamwork.
        • Improves Revenue: Hospital management Software brings revenue to the hospital through trust-building in serving patients and builds a reputation that improves profitability. HMS can give accurate financial reports and can bring a sense of control over how the hospital is running.
        • Synchronization:Hospital Management System (HMS) ensures synchronization, keeps patients records and track inventories, and advanced HMS can be customised to your specific needs and can fit into any hospital. 
      1. The Cogwheels of a Hospital Management Software (HMS)


Cogwheels of a Hospital Management System (HMS) 

      1. Desired Capabilities for HMS in India
        • Aadhar as Identity Document​ 
        • Support for GST​ 
        • NABH Accreditation​ 
        • Sending info to Local Government 

The hospital management system is the inevitable part of the lifecycle of the modern medical institution. It automates numerous daily operations and enables smooth interactions of the users. ​Developing the hospital system software is a great opportunity to create a distinct, efficient and fast delivering healthcare model. Implementation of hospital management system project helps to store all the kinds of records, provide coordination and user communication, implement policies, improve day-to-day operations, arrange the supply chain, manage financial and human resources, and market hospital services. ​This beneficial decision covers the needs of the patients, staff and hospital authorities and simplifies their interactions. It has become the usual approach to manage the hospital. Many clinics have already experienced its advantages and continue developing new hospital management system project modules. 

To know the more about Hospital Management System read our blog at: 


Enabling Better Care Delivery Through Adoption of Healthcare Information Technology

All | Awarness  |   GeneralHealthcare

Enabling Better Care Delivery Through Adoption of Healthcare Information Technology

Author Name : Dr Nirupama M P

Healthcare has undergone tremendous transformation in recent years with the advent of new and emerging technologies. To address the challenges faced in improving overall quality care for patients, doctors, hospitals, and small clinics have implemented new technologies to respond to the changing environment with high-tech medical facilities and talented professionals. It is important to partner with right Information Technology (IT) provider to fully realise the benefits of IT in healthcare. IT services can help in reducing medical errors, comply with new and evolving regulations, aid in the recovery from any unexpected technology-related disasters, as well as increase our ability to save, share and analyse health information.

  1. Impact of IT in Healthcare:

    • Digitalization of health records.
    • Better patient care.
    • Makes workflow easy.
    • Improves healthcare system & public health.
    • Reduces cost.
    • Improves efficiency and quality. 
    • Prevents death due to negligence & human errors.
    • Helps in developing new drugs and treatment.
    • Big data and the cloud system processes and secures data.
    • Artificial intelligence can bring breakthroughs in medicine.
    • Reduces risk of medical records hacking with secured standard network system.
    • Telemedicine
    • Mobile health

2. The role of IT in Healthcare:

Information technology is all about communication. The core of IT in healthcare is to establish communication between devices, team members, between patients and medical service providers, and between other medical facility centres in a secured manner. Healthcare standards, Patient privacy rights are at most priority along with patient well-being. So, establishing a trustworthy secure network which is transparent and easy for doctors & staff to use, restricting unauthorised users should be provided by Healthcare IT services. 

3. Benefits of IT in healthcare:

Technologyfacilitates integration of health information into healthcare and supports almost every function of a delivering seamless care to patients both within and outside of medical facilities. There are many exciting benefits of IT on the horizon which creates opportunity and add value to healthcare services. 

Electronic Health Record (EHR) system is a boon to doctors and staff to record crucial patient health data and rely seamlessly and share data with other healthcare providers. Some of the other benefits are listed below: 

        • Quality of care:Technology plays a key role in today’s medical facilities. Well-designed and reliable technology frees up time for themedical staff to focus on patients and help them monitor patients through robust monitoring devices. 
        • Accuracy:Error free service is inevitable to any healthcare provider. Technology can help and ensure this with fewer medical errors. Reduced errors bring trust, decreases cost, and save lives. 
        • Security and privacy:When communicating vital patient-specificsecurity and privacy of the information is crucial and should bethose critical measures should be established by setting up network security by healthcare service providers. It is not about meeting the regulations and requirements but building trust and protecting the privacy of patient healthcare records. A secured data system can bring credibility and reputation. 
        • Reduces costs:  If healthcare is integrated with right IT providers it can save money, gives an advantage in serving patients at low cost and help facilitate smooth functioning, automating repetitive tasks, manages a large data and make it quickly available to staff when needed on time.
        • Collaboration:Collaborating at work with different teams for possible care of patients, needs access to the information. Seamless technology collaboration on network builds active collaboration on time with various department for sharing information. 
        • Recovery from disaster:When there is a power outage or hardware fails, failing hard drive, technology should ensure speedy recovery of systems and data is too important in the event of disaster. 

4. Concerns with IT in Healthcare:

The main concern doctors express, and highlight is about the value of health information shared. 

        • The interoperability between EHR systems.
        • Doctors complain that EHRs take a lot of time to read and update data while reducing time for patient care.

A well-integrated healthcare IT support system should address all the concerns mentioned above and should bring intuitive, user friendly interfaces. Ezovion can help build such reliable healthcare ecosystem from the ground up, build standards for reliable networking, interoperability with carefully constructed systems for usable and accessible EHRs. 

5. Conclusion 

Information technology is important in the healthcare industry, as it improves the quality of care that patients receive, enables smooth flow of information about patients to doctors, staff & patients, and supports shared decision making between healthcare professionals and patients. IT improves the overall health of the population!

Placing an Ad on Facebook for Healthcare Software Solutions: Effective way of Digital Marketing

All | Awarness  |   GeneralHealthcare

Placing an Ad on Facebook for Healthcare Software Solutions:
Effective way of Digital Marketing

Author Name : Dr Nirupama M P

Facebook ads for healthcare software solutions gives you far more wide reach than traditional advertising!

In the present situation, almost all sectors of the industry have gracefully embraced digital marketing techniques to grow at a rapid pace. The Healthcare sector is one of the slow climbers, but the COVID-19 pandemic has changed this situation with more healthcare professionals and service providers quickly got on the digital marketing wave.

Those days are gone when everyone reaches for the newspaper or look for billboards or announcement on a radio or TV advertisement. Now people are sitting at home in their comfort just a click away and browse through the internet for any kind of information, making it an easy task to get data in the digital world. The internet world has taken digital marketing to the next level, which is why healthcare industry professionals have started digital marketing for their software solutions and doctors for patients online!

So, where can healthcare professionals and healthcare service providers showcase their digital ads?

Here is the good news, more than 4.5 billion people in the world use the internet and 3.8 billion people use social media. This means more than 60% of the world’s population are online! So, target social media for healthcare-related digital marketing advertisements¹.

There are various social media platforms, but which one to use is a critical decision to make. Well, a study has shown that marketers use Facebook to reach out, as Facebook dominates social media.

Facebook has various options for placing an ad, it allows you to market your products and services effectively in a simpler way and this can-do wonder!

Facebook ads for healthcae software solutions!

How to create an Ad on Facebook?

Let us get started with creating your Facebook ads for your Healthcare Software Solutions.

Follow these steps!

  1. First choose a goal for your healthcare product. You should create goals for your products since advertising campaigns with goals will help and guide your campaign, measures the success of your campaign. Facebook provides you with numerous ad objectives for your campaign, such as:
  • Build awareness.
  • Reach new customers.
  • Drive new customers to visit your website and learn about your products & services.
  • Get leads to submit a form for demo/trial/to learn more about your products.
  • Get leads to convert and choose your products.

And many more options at your fingertips, you can start creating FB ads that help you grow your customers through social media.

  1. Find out who is looking for healthcare software solutions. When you set up an Ad on Facebook for healthcare solutions, determine your target audience (Example: Doctors). So, your target audience is the people who are interested and will use your services. Determine your target audience based on factors like Demographics, Interests, Behaviours and other categories, Connections, Custom audience.
  2. Choose an appropriate and best ad type for your healthcare solutions. Do not panic! Facebook offers you several different ad types that you can choose from:

  • Images: The most common type of Ad and often used for healthcare solutions. It consists of a single photo.
  • Videos: This contains a video, to attracts an audience. In fact, video ads are a great option for healthcare products, it can improve conversions.
  • Stories: It is a full-screen vertical video ad. They can provide much more engagement with your product since there is nothing else to distract your audience from your ad on the screen.
  • Carousels: This ad can showcase up to ten images/photos in one ad. This ad can enable you to showcase your products and services.
  • Slideshow ads: This Ad will let you create short videos using a collection of images, text, or video clips. This is a good option to engage your audience, as it is easier to create and showcases your products.
  • Instant Experiences: It was called Facebook Canvas initially; this ad will give full-screen format and allows you to place a fast-loading landing page on the Facebook mobile platform. This will give a great experience to your audience and saves time on converting to your products.
  • Promoted posts: Also called boosted posts. Any post you publish on your FB page can be boosted so that you can have more audience see your updates. Booster ads will allow you to promote your products organically on your Facebook page.
  1. Facebook allows you to go local. Yes! Find out your target audience/customer within a certain mile from your business office and target your local area first for your healthcare solutions. Facebook will also allow you to target leads based on region, city, state, and country. This will maximize your reach to the target audience. Take time to analyse your range of target audience, maximize on your potential customers and then serve your ad to those target audience whose interest match your content/products in Ad.
  2. Set your Ads with your goals. You can set goals on Facebook ads for driving your target audience to visit your website to action, like submit a form to booking a demo/register/trial and more. So, creating high-quality landing pages for your Healthcare products is important, as your target audience clicks on a Facebook ad, they will easily get converted by landing on to your web page with relevant content.

Your landing page can have information related to your product with accurate and detailed information related to your Ad. You add images, videos, give a clear call to actions (CTAs) throughout such as “Book a Demo”, “Book Appointment”, “Learn more”, or “Contact us” and displays your healthcare company contact information.

  1. Test your Ads. You can test your ads to check if they are successful at driving a new target audience. Different Ads with different goals work differently for different campaigns. So, plan a time for testing your ads and develop Facebook ads for your products and test your ad and landing pages. Test the campaign by changing the elements on your ad, see how it influences conversions and how your audience is behaving on your landing page. Unless you run a test, you will not be able to find the difference in how your target audience is behaving for different versions of your ad. You can tweak ad setup, your landing pages and show them to a different target audience and see what works best for converting your customers. You can do this on a Facebook ad by running A/B testing.

If you have an in-depth understanding of how to run ads with defined goals and target the right audience with relevant content it will be easier to choose the right Call-To-Action (CTA). You can create the best ad for your audience that can resonate with their interest.


Finally, your healthcare software solutions were developed to help and improve the patient experience by establishing proper communication between doctors, hospitals, patients, pharmacies, labs, and related healthcare services. Digitising patient records and storage of information will help in scheduling appointment, prescription, medicine ordering and delivery within no time, improving healthcare services and save lives! Good healthcare software can help to digitise healthcare services. So where do you stand in the market? How do you sell your healthcare software? A good Digital Marketing campaign can help you market your healthcare software!

You want someone to market your software? Let Ezovion Know! Let us work to help your hospital, clinic, and healthcare software company to drive the target audience and market your products. Contact us for making your Healthcare software solutions marketing more successful than ever!



Carbon Emissions, a Global Concern!

All | Awarness  |   GeneralHealthcare

Carbon Emissions, a Global Concern!

Author Name : Dr Nirupama M P

Carbon Emissions, a Global Concern!

Why it matters?

The greenhouse gases have kept the Earth’s climate habitable for humans and many millions of other species by trapping heat from the sun. But the greenhouse gases are out of balance and threatens the lives on the planet — Earth.

The levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere currently are at the highest level, which is caused by fossil fuel burning by humans. Carbon emissions are overwhelming and carbon emission growth has caused the ice caps of the Arctic to melt, resulting in rising sea levels and causing damage to wildlife, destroying their home!

The common gas emitted into the atmosphere includes Methane (CH4) is released from natural gas, landfills, as well as by the petroleum companies, and the agriculture process(especially from the digestive systems of grazing animals), Nitrous oxide (N2O) is released from the agricultural process, livestock and includes fertilizer, manure, and burning of agricultural residues, along with burning fuel, and fluorinated gases, Industrial gases such as hydrofluorocarbons, perfluorocarbons, chlorofluorocarbons, sulphur hexafluoride (SF6), and nitrogen trifluoride (NF3) are released when used as refrigerants, solvents and can also be a by-product. These gases absorb solar energy and keep it trapped in the form of heat close to the Earth’s surface without letting it escape into space, and this process of trapping heat is called the Greenhouse Effect. American climate scientist James E. Hansen was the first one to testify the greenhouse effect and explained how it contributes to our climate change¹.

The greenhouse effect has far-ranging health and environmental issues. It contributes to respiratory disease, extreme weather conditions, disruption in food production/supply, increases wildfires creating a major climate change caused by greenhouse gases. These effects are widely recognised, and the world needs to urgently work towards reducing carbon emissions, a primary driver of global warming and protect our planet¹.

Key highlights from 2020 about carbon emissions

The global greenhouse gas emissions descended by 2.4 billion tons in 2020, which is about a 7% drop from 2019. Interestingly the largest decline is recorded due to worldwide pandemic Covid-19 imposed restrictions.

 Countries like the U.S saw the largest drop in carbon emission of 12%, the European Union recorded an 11% drop followed by India, recorded a 9% drop and China, a drop of 1.7% in CO2 emissions due to decline in transportation activities.

Emission could rebound in 2021, as predicted by researchers and has urged all the related organizations and government sectors to prioritise and implement policies to tackle climate changes.



 In 2020, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reported an interesting fact about global warming. Reducing global warming to 1.5°C is required to control unprecedented changes in the environment. It also mentions the net carbon dioxide (CO2) emission from human-caused emissions would also need to fall to net-zero around 2050².

What is a Carbon Footprint?

The total amount of greenhouse gas released into the atmosphere that comes from the Humans, Industries or by a particular activity.

How does an individual contribute to Carbon Footprint?

The bulk of an individual’s carbon footprint will usually come from housing, food, and transportation.

How can we reduce greenhouse gas emissions?

· Reduce the use of fossil fuels: Every sector of the global economy should collectively work towards reducing greenhouse gas emissions. China, the United States, and India are the major contributors to the world’s greenhouse gas emissions. It is crucial to move away from fossil fuels and use renewable sources to boost energy efficiency and reduce carbon emissions to avoid effects on climate changes.

· Conserve trees & forests: To reduce carbon emissions just phasing out fossil fuels will not help, but planting trees, conserving existing plants, trees, forests, and grasslands, reducing CO2 from factories and powerplants are some of the other ways to rely on capturing CO2 from the sky.

· Constantly monitor greenhouse effects & implement solutions: Government sectors and various organizations around the world monitors climate change and measures greenhouse gases to track all the impacts and implement solutions to overcome the greenhouse effects. One such organization is the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the United Nations body that works towards tracking and implementing solutions to reduce greenhouse effects.

There is a need for real solutions to reduce carbon emissions globally. There are choices me, you & we can all together make in day-to-day life to reduce personal contribution in the amount of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere.

While there are many ways, we can contribute to reducing carbon footprints individually. Here are the few little things we can do and listed below for you.

· Using public transportation, carpooling, driving low carbon emission vehicles with high mileage, and switch to electric vehicles. Avoid unnecessary braking and acceleration. Drive wisely!

· Improve home insulation.

· Switch to LED/compact fluorescent bulbs. Turn off lights/fans/AC, any electronic devices when not in use and when you leave the room. Use a programmable device to turn off the heat/air conditioning.

· Walk, go biking to office, parks and to nearby places. It can be a great workout to keep us healthy and reduces emissions.

· Use natural resources. Install solar panels to the roof of your home. Save electricity save money! And even make money by selling electricity back to the grid. You will get financial assistance from the government for solar panel installation.

· Eat organic food. Change your diet, reduce meat and dairy product intake.

· Reuse and recycle.

· Reduce water usage. It reduces the energy used to pump, treat, and heat.

· Use renewable and clean resource of energy.

· Use reusable bags to avoid plastic.

· Contribute to the projects that work towards reducing greenhouse gases.

· Be responsible and take initiatives to protect our planet Earth.

To conclude, climate change is alarming and solving it is a global challenge. Governments of all the nations and other organization should create well-defined projects, policies and implement it to tackle climate changes due to greenhouse gases. But that is not enough, the individual actions from everybody are crucial to breakdown the climate-related issues and address them bit by bit. We all could make a difference by changing our day-to-day habits. Let us make a sustainability-oriented decision. Take a small step and make a difference to lessen personal contribution to climate change. Do your bit!

Save Earth-Do your Bit!